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Shushan The Palace
Daniel 8:2- I was at Shushan in the palace, which is in the province of Elam
 
The Susa inscription from King Darius
Part of the remains of Susa. The Susa inscription from King Darius states "This palace which I built at Susa" - Louvre Museum
 
Capital of a column from the audience hall of the palace of Darius. "The Shushan Palace". Louvre Museum.
Capital of a column from the audience hall of the palace of Darius. "The Shushan Palace". Louvre Museum.
 
Darius Palace Susa
These decorative panels of polychrome glazed brick come from the palace of Darius I at Susa. Louvre Museum.
 
Palace of Darius at Susa.
A double-bull column capital from the Palace of Darius at Susa. British Museum.
 
Wall relief of Darius the Great from the city of Persepolis.
Wall relief of Darius the Great from the city of Persepolis.
 

The City of Susa - Shushan
Susa was an ancient city of the Elamite, Persian and Parthian empires of Iran, located about 150 miles east of the Tigris River in Khuzestan province of Iran. The ancient city of Susa is mentioned in the Old Testament as the place where the prophet Daniel lived. The city name is derived from Shashana, a member of water lily family of flowers, believed to grow in lakes and swamps outside this biblical city in ancient times.

Esther 1:2 The throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace

Esther 8:15 And the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad

Esther 2:8 When the king's order and edict had been proclaimed, many girls were brought to the citadel of Susa and put under the care of Hegai.

Ezra 4:9 The Elamites of Susa

 
 
The Palaces at Susa and Persepolis
When Cyrus the Great founded his empire, many customs from the Elam province became part of the Persian Empire. Susa was declared as one of the three capitals of the Persians covering the southern regions. Today the ruins of this palace can be seen on a hilltop overlooking the modern city of Susa. The other palace built by Darius in Persepolis also holds many details that line up with the biblical account at Shushan in the books of Esther and Daniel. Signet rings, a harem, statues of lions and a wall relief of a man stabbing a lion. (Daniel and the Lion's Den)

The following photo archive of the Persian palace at Persepolis may provide some incite into what the palace at Susa may have looked like before it was destroyed. A large group of photos from Persepolis can be seen here
 
 
 

Daniel 8:2 And I saw in a vision; and it came to pass, when I saw, that I was at Shushan in the palace, which is in the province of Elam

The Book of Esther takes place under the reign of Ahasuerus and Daniel under the reigns of Cyrus and Darius who followed shortly thereafter. In the Book of Daniel both Cyrus and Darius are named.

More on Daniel, Cyrus and Belshazzur

 
 
The Palace at Susa
Numerous palace architectural ornaments were uncovered which include soldiers, guardian figures, and mythical images. The solder images depict Daruis' "immortal guard," a unit of elite high ranking warriors in charge of protecting him and his empire. (Same as the Romans and Nazis Praetorian Guards). The general view of the hill top reveals several fallen rock carved columns. The carving style and shapes are similar to Persepolis buildings. The fluted shaped column with flowers at pillars are truly an Achaemenian style in ancient palace buildings.
 
 
The Darius Building Inscription at Susa
"This palace which I built at Susa, from afar its ornamentation was brought. Darius the King says: At Susa a very excellent work was ordered, a very excellent work was brought to completion."

Matches with the Book of Esther:

Esther 2:8 When the king's order and edict had been proclaimed, many girls were brought to the citadel of Susa and put under the care of Hegai.
 
 

Herodotus the Father of History on Susa
"I propose to thee: leave Miletos alone and also thy newly- founded city in Thracia, and coming with me to Susa, have whatsoever things I have, eating at my table and being my counseller. Thus said Darius."

"Cyrus divided into three hundred and sixty channels. Passing thence into the Kissian land, there are eleven stages, forty-two and a half leagues, to the river Choaspes, which is also a navigable stream; and upon this is built the city of Susa." - Herodotus Histories - Book 2

 
 

Isaiah's Prophecy of Cyrus Fulfilled
Isaiah 44: 28 "Ye shall be built, and I will raise up the decayed places thereof. That saith of Cyrus, He is my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure: even saying to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built; and to the temple, Thy foundation shall be laid.

Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him. I will go before thee, and make the crooked places straight: I will break in pieces the gates of brass, and cut in sunder the bars of iron".

Isaiah gave a prophecy that Cyrus would take Babylon, free the Jews and help them rebuild their own temple in Jerusalem.

The Cyrus Cylinder gives an exact account of these events as well as the Behustan inscription of Darius. Both Persian Kings have left their own records in archaeological discoveries that match up exactly with the bibical account!

The entire Behustan Inscription - Translated

 
 

Scriptures
Esther 1:2 That in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace

Daniel 8:2 And I saw in a vision; and it came to pass, when I saw, that I was at Shushan in the palace, which is in the province of Elam

Nehemiah 1:1 And it came to pass in the month Chisleu, in the twentieth year, as I was in Shushan the palace