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City of Shechem
Genesis 33:18 And Jacob came to Shalem, a city of Shechem
 
Shechem
Archaeological evidence indicates that the city of Shechem was raised and reconstructed up to 22 times before its final demise in 200 CE.
 
Shechem
Ruins from the city of Shechem.
The city of Shechem dates back an estimated four thousand years.
 
Joseph's Tomb
An earlier photograph of Joseph's Tomb before it was destroyed.
 
Joseph's Tomb
Ignorant Palestinians destroy Joseph's tomb and proceed to paint the dome green.
 
History
Why was the city of Shechem an important archaeological find? The ancient city of Shechem plays a prominent role in the Bible. The Lord spoke to Abraham near Shechem after commanding him to leave his home in Haran (Genesis 12:1-7). Jacob later settled near Shechem after leaving his father-in-law Laban in Padan Aram (Genesis 33:18). Simeon and Levi killed all the males of Shechem after the rape of their sister Dinah (Genesis 34). Shechem was allotted to the tribe of Ephraim following the Israelite conquest of the Promised Land (Joshua 20:7). Joseph was buried in Shechem after his body was exhumed and brought from Egypt (Joshua 24:32). Rehoboam was crowned in Shechem following the death of Solomon (1 Kings 12:1). Shechem briefly served as Jeroboam's capital following the division of the Kingdom into the Northern and Southern Kingdoms (1 Kings 12:25). And although the city no longer existed in Jesus' day, it was the original site of Jacob's Well where Jesus spoke with the woman of Samaria (John 4:1-42).

The city of Shechem is mentioned by name in Genesis, Joshua, Judges, 1 Kings, 1 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles, Psalms, Jeremiah, and Hosea. When the city of Shechem was discovered it was thus a great source of vindication for the biblical record. Shechem is mentioned by other historical sources outside of the Bible including an Egyptian Stele and the writings of Josephus.

Joseph's Tomb in Shechem

Joshua 24:32 And the bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel brought up out of Egypt, buried they in Shechem, in a parcel of ground which Jacob bought of the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for an hundred pieces of silver: and it became the inheritance of the children of Joseph.

The palestinians destroyed Joseph's Tomb and immediately rebuilt it as a mosque and now claim that it was never Joseph's Tomb at all but rather the grave of a Muslim clergyman of note. They now claim that it is a Muslim holy place and assert exclusive rights to it.

Following the 1967 War, Israel gained control of the site and a small settlement citation needed, including a Jewish seminary and military outpost, was built there in the 1980s. The settlement was handed over to the Palestinian Authority in 1995, but the Israeli Defence Forces retained control over the site since the Oslo accords granted it free Israeli access.

For Israelis, the destruction of a Jewish shrine raised serious doubts as to whether the Palestinian Authority would protect religious sites belonging to Jews and Christians and guarantee access to them as agreed in the Oslo accords.

Since the October 7th, 2000 retreat, Israelis have been forbidden to visit the site. Only in the last couple of years, due to very high demand, has the Israeli Army infrequently allowed pilgrims to visit the site under armoured army escort.

Scriptures
Joshua 24:32 And the bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel brought up out of Egypt, buried they in Shechem, in a parcel of ground which Jacob bought of the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for an hundred pieces of silver: and it became the inheritance of the children of Joseph.

Judges 9:6 And all the men of Shechem gathered together, and all the house of Millo, and went, and made Abimelech king, by the plain of the pillar that was in Shechem.

1 Kings 12:1 And Rehoboam went to Shechem: for all Israel were come to Shechem to make him king.