Darius the Great was the son of Hystaspes and a Persian Emperor of the Achaemenid
dynasty. Darius in his inscriptions appears as a fervent believer in the monotheistic
religion of Zoroaster. He was also a statesman and organizer. Darius thoroughly
revised the Persian system of administration and also the legal code.
Inscription Zagros Mountains
The text of the
inscription is a statement by Darius I of Persia,
written three times in three different scripts
and languages: two languages side by side, Old
Persian and Elamite, and Babylonian above them.
Many historians claim Darius ruled the Persian
Empire from 521 to 486 BC but several inscriptions
state he was in Babylon during the time of Daniel.
Darius arranged an inscription of a long tale
of his accession to be inscribed into a cliff
near the modern town of Bisistun, in the foothills
of the Zagros Mountains of Iran.
The Inscription and "The
Darius" in The Book of Daniel
Column 1:3 - Says
Darius the king: Therefore we are called the
Daniel 5:31 And Darius the Median took the kingdom
1:18 - Says Darius the king: Afterwards
I went to Babylon
Daniel 7:1 In the first year of Belshazzar King of Babylon Daniel had a dream.
and Daniel were both in Babylon)
HerodotusThe Histories Documents
Darius in Babylon
which is related by the Chaldeans (Babyloninans)
I relate. Against this statue Darius the son
of Hystaspes formed a design"
tomb was undisturbed until the kingdom came
to Darius." -
Herodotus Histories Book 1
"Now of Hystaspes
the son of Arsames who was a man of the Achaimenid
clam, the eldest son was Darius,
who was then, I suppose, a youth of twenty
and he had been left behind in the land of
the Persians, for he was not yet old enough
to go out to the wars. When Cyrus awoke
he mulled over the vision"-
Herodotus Histories Book 1
Chronology and Identity
of "Darius the Mede"
The previous passage by Herodutus
confirms that Darius and Cyrus
alive during the same time frame. The Bible
and Herodotus both claim that Darius lived
into his sixties so there is no mystery on
the indentity of Darius the Mede.
The Behistun inscription mentions someone
claiming to be King of Babylon. He states "thus
he deceived the people"and "thus he lied
to the people". The book of Daniel states
that Belshazzar was the son of Nebuchadnezzar
and not Nabonidus as many historians are guilty
presuming as fact.
Daniel 5:30 In that night
was Belshazzar the King of the Chaldeans
Column 1:16 Behustin Inscription
"One man a Babylonian Nidintu-Bel by name, the son of Aniri', he rose up
in Babylon; thus he deceived the people; I am Nebuchadrezzar
the son of Nabonidus; afterwards the whole of the Babylonian state went over
to that Nidintu-Bel; Babylon became rebellious; the kingdom in Babylon he seized"
Column 3:14 Behustin Inscription
"Says Darius the king: When I was in Persia and in Media, a second time
the Babylonians became estranged from me; one man, Arakha by name, an Armenian
son of Haldita, he rose up in Babylon; there (is) a region, Dubala by name
- from here he thus lied to the people; I am Nebuchadrezzar,
the son of Nabonidus; afterwards the Babylonian people became estranged from
me and went over to that Arakha; he seized Babylon;
he became king in Babylon"
Is this deceiver King Nabonidus? A king we
know ruled Babylon during this era in history.
entire Behustan Inscription -
on the Nabonidus Cylinder
The cylinder clearly mentions the name "Belshazzur" which is the
same name used in the Book of Daniel. Nabonidus came to power after his death
so he could not be the son of Belshazzar but might be his brother. The inscriptions
from Darius could signify that Nabonidus killed Belshazzur to sieze the Kingdom
of Babylon which would clearly explain Daniel 5:30.
Darius and The
Shushan Palace from the Book of Esther
Book of Ezra
Ezra 6:14 According
to the commandment of Cyrus, and Darius, and
Artaxerxes kings of Persia.
Ezra names all three of the Kings of the
See Ezra and
The Silver Bowl of Artaxerxes Inscription